Last edited by Nall
Thursday, October 15, 2020 | History

3 edition of Impact of cancer-related decision aids found in the catalog.

Impact of cancer-related decision aids

Impact of cancer-related decision aids

  • 113 Want to read
  • 13 Currently reading

Published by U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality in Rockville, MD .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Decision Making,
  • Neoplasms,
  • Evidence-Based Medicine -- methods

  • Edition Notes

    Statementprepared for Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services ; prepared by McMaster University Evidence-based Practice Center ; Tim J. Whelan, principal investigator ; Mary Ann O"Brien ... [et al.], investigators.
    SeriesEvidence report/technology assessment -- no. 46, AHRQ publication -- no. 02-E004, AHRQ publication -- no. 02-E004, AHRQ publication -- no. 02-E004.
    ContributionsWhelan, Tim J., O"Brien, Mary Ann., United States. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality., McMaster University. Evidence-based Practice Center.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationix, 386 p. :
    Number of Pages386
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14754270M
    ISBN 101587630648
    OCLC/WorldCa50443635

      Patient decision aids (PDAs) can support the treatment decision making process and empower patients to take a proactive role in their treatment pathway while using a shared decision-making (SDM) approach making participatory medicine possible. The aim of this study was to develop a PDA for prostate cancer that is accurate and user-friendly. We followed a user-centered design . Terms such as cancer fatigue, cancer-related fatigue, and cancer treatment–related fatigue have all been used in the clinical literature, research literature, and educational materials for patients and the public. Fatigue has a negative impact on all areas of function, including the following:[].

    Decision Aids for Cancer-related Behavioral Choices, C.S. Skinner and R.B. Giesler Psychological Interventions for Cancer Patients, B.L. Andersen The PRO-SELF© Program: A Self-care Intervention Program, M.J. Dodd and C. Miaskowski. He has published research in over refereed journal articles and has authored over 40 books, including Decision Aids for Selection Problems, Introduction to Information Systems Project Management, Managerial Issues of Enterprise Resource Planning Systems, Supply Chain Risk Management, and Supply Chain Information Technology.

    Purpose Patient decision aids are interventions designed to help patients make deliberative choices about their treatment options and have been shown to significantly improve patient outcomes. Although considered optimal, decision aids are not widely used in clinical practice for cancer treatment. The objectives of this study are to determine physicians' awareness and use of decision aids. Budgeting and Decision Making 9 Budgeting: Planing for Success Your goals for this budgeting chapter are to learn about: x The importance and use of budgets within an organization. x The budget process and the impact of human behavior. x The various components of a master budget. x Budget periods and budget adjustments. Budgeting: Planing for.


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Impact of cancer-related decision aids Download PDF EPUB FB2

Decision aids are mechanisms or interventions that have been developed to improve communication between health professionals and patients, and to help involve patients in making decisions regarding their health care. Decision aids can include brochures, Impact of cancer-related decision aids book or interactive computer programs.

Recent reviews have suggested that decision aids may be effective in Cited by: 1. Evid Rep Technol Assess (Summ). Jul; (46): 1–4. PMCID: PMC Impact of cancer-related decision by: Cancer-related decision aids have evolved over time, and there is considerable diversity in both format and available evidence.

We found strong evidence that cancer-related decision aids increase knowledge without adverse impact on decisional conflict or anxiety. We found moderate- or low-strength evidence that patients using decision aids are.

The impact of decision aids on joint replacement rates varies depending on the context in which they are delivered. A RCT by Ibrahim et al. found that decision aids increased uptake of knee replacement in black patients (% vs %, p = Author: L. Trenaman, D.

Stacey, S. Bryan, K. Payne, G. Hawker, N. Bansback. Studies used a wide range of tools (decision aids, written materials, audio/videotapes, and interactive games), with and without input from a healthcare provider or educator. Of 15 studies that examined the impact of educational interventions on knowledge, 14 found significant improvement using a range of tools, with and without input from a Cited by:   Patient decision aids (PtDA) communicate evidence on treatment options in patient-friendly terms and guide patients through a decision making process Three randomized controlled trials (RCT) have evaluated PtDA effects on patients with osteoarthritis considering hip and/or knee arthropla 13, Methods: Randomized trial comparing two decision aids about colorectal cancer (CRC) screening with colonoscopy or fecal immunochemical test (FIT).

primary care patients due for CRC screening viewed a decision aid that uses words only (Verbal arm) vs. one that provides quantitative information (Quantitative arm). Data on Key Question 2 were very limited.

CONCLUSIONS: Cancer-related decision aids have evolved over time, and there is considerable diversity in both format and available evidence. We found strong evidence that cancer-related decision aids increase knowledge without adverse impact on decisional conflict or anxiety.

Decision aids may facilitate this process but the impact of decision aids on screening preferences is poorly understood. Materials and Methods In an online survey we randomized a national sample of adults to the online decision aids of 1 of 6 professional societies.

Whelan TM, O'Brien MA, Villasis-Keever M, et al. Impact of Cancer-Related Decision Aids. Evidence Report/Technology Assessment Number (Prepared by McMaster University under contract no.

) AHRQ Publication E Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; Rockville, MD: Get this from a library.

Impact of cancer-related decision aids. [Tim J Whelan; Mary Ann O'Brien; United States. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. E-book & Special Issues.

Journal Global Values – Special Issue Jan ; Recent Trends in Decision Sciences and Their Implication for Business Business; Digitalization in India: Shodhmanthan Special Issue No.5 () Kashmir Problem And India Pakistan. Shared decision making (SDM) and patient-centered care require patients to actively participate in the decision-making process.

Yet with the increasing number and complexity of cancer treatment options, it can be a challenge for patients to evaluate clinical information and make risk–benefit trade-offs to choose the most appropriate treatment. Clinicians face time constraints and.

Impact of HIV/AIDS on infant and child mortality It is estimated that: In Malawi, HIV infection contributes to 17 per cent of the infant mortality rate (number of deaths of infants under one year of age per 1, live births) of per 1, live births.

Without AIDS, Kenya would have an infant mortality rate of 47 per 1, live births. Objectives Our aim was to conduct a systematic review of the literature to determine the impact of patient decision aids (PDA) on patients facing treatment decisions for colorectal cancer.

Design Systematic review. Data sources Sources included Embase, Medline, Web of Science, CINAHL and the Cochrane Library from inception to June, 20,   Three RCTs addressed the impact of decision aids on various aspects of coping skills.

30, 36, 38 Mishel et al reported that a multifaceted decision aid improved uncertainty management and problem solving compared with usual care.

30 Chabrera et al reported that patients receiving a decision aid made more extensive use of a variety of coping. ADVERTISEMENTS: Read this article to learn about Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA): 1. Definitions of EIA 2. Objective of EIA 3. Methodology 4. Process 5. Importance. Definitions of EIA: Environmental Impact Assessment is defined as an activity designed to identify the impact on the biogeophysical environment, on man and well-being of legislative proposals, projects, policies.

Purpose To determine the effectiveness of patient decision aids when used with patients who face cancer-related decisions. Patients and Methods Two reviewers independently screened the trials in the original Cochrane review to identify eligible trials of patient decision aids across the cancer continuum.

Primary outcomes were attributes of the choice and decision-making process. Visuals have a great impact on people, but only when used properly. Don’t use too many aids as they will turn your presentation into a huge mess. Even the smallest details such as font and the color matter, so make sure you use HD videos and pictures, as well as elegantly designed slides.

Purpose Decision making in advanced cancer is increasingly complex. We developed a decision aid (DA) for patients with advanced colorectal cancer who are considering first-line chemotherapy and reviewing treatment options, prognostic information, and toxicities.

We examined its impact on patient understanding, treatment decisions, decisional conflict, decision making.

A meta-analysis of randomised trials of DAs in medicine found that their use produces higher knowledge scores, lower decisional conflict and more active patient participation in decision-making (O'Connor et al, ). To assess the impact, this DA may have on patient treatment decisions and the decision-making process, a randomised trial is needed.

The Impact of A Decision Aid on Colorectal Cancer Screening is an interactive, web-based multimedia tool that uses a series of brief video presentations to provide information on the importance of CRC screening, the different screening tests available (e.g., fecal occult blood testing [FOBT], flexible sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy), and the relative risks and benefits associated with each.“Patient-Centered” decision-making is a new buzz-word in medicine.

It is a metaphor for a general approach to care that puts the patient’s experience and needs at the center, as opposed to the needs of the physician or the system. While this is an effective marketing term, and a useful principle as far as it goes, as a guide to medical practice it.